The Caspian Sea as the biggest lake of the world with the geopolitics, economic, cultures and languages around it and the significant oil reserves, has been considered important by the powerful countries. Since this lake, on one side, is connected to the former Soviet, it has always been a focus of political economy and a center of fortification and domination over the Asian countries. On the other side, it is one of the valuable national resources; furthermore, its sturgeon stocks are unparalleled in the world.
In this regard, many research and educational organizations related to nautical science, shipbuilding, fishing and pisciculture, marine ecology and oil extraction and ...are formed in the former Soviet. Extensive research in fisheries and Marine Sciences take place in these research centres. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the emergence of newly independent countries, loss of coherent research, and sometimes pausing researches in the field of science especially the Caspian Sea, there was a need to establish a center or a union to unite dispersed units. In fact, the thought of establishing a union of universities of the Caspian Sea is based around the Caspian Sea and this in turn leads to a cultural, educational, and research collaboration with countries around this wide sea.